페이지 정보작성자 EMP Master (222.♣.177.♣) 작성일17-03-29 19:32 조회2,964회 댓글0건
Cookies and Culture
Everyone loves cookies, and everyone has a favorite cookie. In any supermarket, you can walk down the cookie aisle and find colorful packages of cookies. There are hundreds of choices from English gingerbread to Italian biscotti. Perfect for snacking or as a dessert, they've become a popular food item all around the world.
Believe it or not, the first cookies were created by bakers as tester cakes and were not meant to be eaten. In the 7th century, in the Persian royal bakery, there were no temperature regulators in the ovens. So when it came time to bake the cakes for the royals, bakers had to find a way to make sure the oven was hot enough. They devised a method of taking a bit of cake batter and placing it in the oven. If it cooked right away, it was time for the cake to go in. People soon realized that these little tester cakes, the size of most of today's cookies, were actually quite good and shouldn't be thrown away. And thus, the cookie was born.
There are many different cookies around the globe, and each type of cookie has a different taste, shape, color and texture. Even when the main ingredients are similar, cookies from different places include local ingredients that give them a special taste.
Gingerbread from England
Gingerbread dates back to the 15th century. The first documented appearance of figure-shaped gingerbread biscuits was in the court of Elizabeth I of England. She had gingerbread biscuits made to look like some of her important guests. Gingerbread cut into shapes, especially hearts, became a popular treat sold at fairs in Europe. It inspired the Brothers Grimm in Germany to make a gingerbread house in Hansel and Gretel.
Biscotti from Italy
Biscotti, an Italian cookie, means "twice-baked." Biscotti are first baked in a loaf and then sliced and toasted again. This second trip to the oven draws off moisture, and results in a crisp, dry texture and a long shelf life. They were the perfect food for sailors who were at se for months at a time on long ocean voyages. Biscotti were a favorite of Christopher Columbus, who relied on them on his long sea voyages.
Macaroon from France
The macaroon first came to France from Italy in the 16th century. It was a cookie made from beaten egg whites and sugar. It quickly became a popular treat. During the French Revolution, two Benedictine nuns, seeking asylum in Nancy, paid for their housing by baking and selling macaroons and thus became known as the "Macaroon Sisters." In 1930, the modern double-layered macaroon was invented by a pastry chef in Paris, who put a sweet chocolate cream filling between two macaroons. These days, macaroons come in pretty pastel colors and have different fillings like jam and buttercream.
Anzac Biscuit from Australia & New Zealand
Australians believe that a trip to Australia wouldn't be complete without a taste of its traditional Anzac biscuits. ANZAC stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, and the biscuits were first made by Australian and New Zealand women for soldiers fighting in World War I. The primary ingredients in traditional Anzac biscuit recipes are golden syrup as a sweetener and rolled oats. The two ingredients were easy to find during the war, especially oats, which were a lot cheaper and more abundant compared to flour. They also gave Anzac biscuits a long shelf life.
Chocolate Chip Cookie from America
The most popular cookie in America is the chocolate chip cookie. This now famous cookie was invented in the 1930s by Ruth Wakefield, an innkeeper at the Toll House Inn in Massachusetts. When she ran out of nuts while baking cookies, she broke up a chocolate bar and added the pieces to the batter instead. Ruth's new cookie was a big hit. The chocolate chip cookie would go on to become an all-American classic.
The next time you're eating a chocolate chip cookie, think about that innkeeper, for without her inventiveness, you might not be able to enjoy such delights. And the next time you walk down the cookie aisle at the supermarket, remember that it is the only aisle in which you can travel around the world. We have been to England, Italy, France, Australia and New Zealand, and America. But we could have gone anywhere else.
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